Though Maryland is the ninth smallest state in the U.S., it is ranked 19th in population. Oddly shaped, almost split by the Chesapeake Bay, Maryland borders four other states: Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia and Delaware. It also borders the District of Columbia, with many people referring to the Baltimore region as the Baltimore-Washington Metro area.
Baltimore is Maryland’s largest city. Located on the Patapsco River, an arm of the Chesapeake, Baltimore is known for its Inner Harbor. Near the Inner Harbor is the city’s historic district, Federal Hill. The city is also home to several fine universities, including the University of Maryland and Johns Hopkins. Baltimore is also known for its love of sports. It has a major league baseball team, the Orioles, and a winning professional football team, the Ravens.
The capital of Maryland is Annapolis. It’s located on the Chesapeake about 26 miles from Baltimore and approximately 30 miles from Washington, D.C. Annapolis is a highly historic city, with roots going back to colonial times. It’s the current day home of both the U.S. Naval Academy and of St. John’s College, which was founded in 1789.
Outdoor enthusiasts will find much beauty in Maryland, from the shores of the Chesapeake with its many opportunities for boating and fishing, to the myriad of state parks, including Patapsco Valley, Point Lookout, Susquehanna, Fort Frederick and Gunpowder Falls. Many of these parks have historic monuments, homes or exhibits relating to the Civil War or the French and Indian War.
Civil War aficionados will also not want to miss touring Antietam, site of one of the most important battles of the Civil War, in Sharpsburg. Visitors can take self-guided tours, listen to talks given by docents or watch a film at the visitor’s centre.